Salmon Questions?

What kind of salmon is there in British Columbia?

chinook

Chinook– The largest of all Salmon, the King Salmon is the most desirable species for several reasons: it has the highest percentage of body fat, the most Omega 3, and (many feel) the best flavor. King Salmon is available in several pigment variations including red, white and marbled flesh. 15-35% fat.

Underwater View of Sockeye Salmon Male and Female

Sockeye – Red Salmon eat only Krill and Phytoplankton as opposed to fish, so they have the most Astaxanthin and obtain a noticeably deeper orange hue than other species. Spawning sockeye turn bright red and olive green during spawning season; the males form hooked jaws and form a hump for defending nests from other males.  10%-22% fat.

 

coho

Coho – Though having a lower fat content, the smaller Silver Salmon can taste close to Sockeye if from a reliable source but they normally do not contain the same amount of Omega 3 or Astaxanthin. “Coho Salmon” were introduced to the Great Lakes, first in 1873 and then successfully in the 1960’s. 5%-15% fat.

pink1

Pink Salmon – The smallest and most abundant of Pacific Salmon, the Pink Salmon males have a distinguished humpback. Bright silver when in the ocean and turning gray and yellow during spawning, “Humpies” are not as flavourful as premium kinds due to lower fat content. Pink Salmon are generally only found canned though at a fraction of the cost of premium species. 3%-9% fat.

chum salmon

Chum Salmon – Chum Salmon is the type found at discount grocers in the frozen section. The outer skin of Chum Salmon is unusual and resembles tie-dye. “Dog Salmon” do not naturally obtain the same intensity of orange as the others. “Spring Chum” is said to taste great when obtained fresh.) 2%-5% fat.

When do salmon spawn?

From the late summer to early winter, several species of salmon make the long journey up the river in search of sandy shores where they can lay their eggs  Adams River is especially well known for its sockeye run in October which peaks every four years.  In November, the Coho arrive.

Is river salmon good to eat?

Yes. They have a lower salt content as well as a lower fat content. These fish also cook faster than their ocean counterparts.

What is the difference between Ocean and river salmon?

Ocean caught salmon have a higher fat and salt content than the river caught salmon. This has to do with the way salmon spawn. When the salmon leave their ocean home and make their journey up river they stop eating, causing them to use stored fat.

What is the difference between wild and farmed Salmon?

Wild fish contain 20% more protein, 20% less fat and are slightly smaller. Even being fattier, farmed raised contain much less usable omega-3 fatty acids and contain higher levels of omega-6 fatty acids.

 

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